In these past few weeks I did many researches on the histories of different war times. I looked deeper into the causes of the war but also how propaganda affected people during the war. This brings me to my next blog. World War 2 ended with the atom bomb that was used to destroy Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. It triggered a sense of interest to know how the atom bomb developed.
On 2 August 1939 Albert Einstein made Franklin D. Roosevelt, president of the US at that time, aware that Germany is experimenting with to purify uranium which could be used to build atomic bombs. Not long after that the government of the US started to spend money on the research and experimenting with uranium. The first Atomic bomb was built during the World War 2. This project was called the Manhattan Project. The Atomic bomb was built in Los Alamos and this was approved as the main site for scientific laboratory of the Atomic bomb. In 6 years more than $2 billion was spent on the Manhattan Project and finally Robert Oppenheimer, the brain behind the atom bomb, discovered a way to make this bomb explode and cause enormous damage.
The Atomic bomb is a scientific discovery with fine planning and many experimenting. The core of the bomb consists of a sphere of concentric shells of fissionable materials and is surrounded with a level of explosives. This bomb releases thermal energy achieving million temperature degrees. This energy creates a fireball that can destroy an entire small city.
Many survivors of this tragedy explain the characteristics of this explosion as a mushroom shape cloud that forms around the area where the explosion were. This can be supported by the fact that the currents created by the explosion suck dust and other ground materials and form a dark gloomy colour cloud.
The first Atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima by the United States on 6 August 1945. It was made with Uranium. This bomb was nicknamed “Little boy”. This explosion had the force of more than 15 000 tons of TNT. Approximately 66 000 people were killed and 69 000 were injured. About 67% of the city’s structures were destroyed.
The next atomic bomb was released on Nagasaki not to far away from Hiroshima on 9 August 1945. This bomb was the plutonium type and the explosion was equal to 21 000 tons of TNT. This bomb was nicknamed “fat man”. 25 000 was injured and 29 000 were killed. After these major explosions caused so much damage, the Japanese surrendered.
Atomic bombs not only cause problems in short terms but also cause major illnesses on the long term. The rain that follows after the atomic explosion contains radioactive particles and can cause poisoning. Many survivors of the explosion self were affected in the long term by the radioactivity that they got in touch with after the explosion. Later on I will discuss more effects on survivors and the people that were affected by the atomic explosions. The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki caused a new nuclear age.
Although there are many different anti-nuclear campaigns there are currently eight countries that are developing and using their own nuclear weapons: the US, Russia, UK, France, China, Israel and Pakistan.